A medical sales representative was sentenced today to 168 months in prison for defrauding federal, state, and private health insurance plans out of more than $4.6 million.
Steven Monaco, 40, of Sewell, New Jersey, was convicted in April 2022 of one count of conspiracy to commit health care fraud and wire fraud, eight counts of health care fraud, eight counts of wire fraud, and one count of conspiracy to violate the Anti-Kickback Statute and the Travel Act, following a nine-day trial before U.S. District Judge Robert B. Kugler, who imposed the sentence today in Camden federal court.
According to documents filed in this case and the evidence at trial, Monaco was a leader of two related fraud schemes that resulted in millions of dollars of loss to public health insurance plans.
In the first scheme, Monaco, as a sales representative for a medical diagnostic laboratory, orchestrated a kickback scheme with a doctor, Daniel Oswari.
Monaco arranged for Oswari’s medical assistant to be placed on the payroll of the laboratory while continuing to work as a medical assistant for Oswari’s practice.
In exchange, Oswari referred all his lab work to the laboratory for testing between late 2013 and 2016, and Monaco received $36,000 in commissions from the laboratory.
In the second fraud scheme, Monaco and his conspirator, pharmaceutical sales representative Richard Zappala, discovered that certain insurance plans – including New Jersey state and local government plans – paid for very expensive compounded prescription medications between 2014 and 2016.
Monaco and Zappala organized a scheme in which they received a percentage of the insurance reimbursement for compounded medication prescriptions that they arranged.
Monaco and Zappala approached medical professionals and paid them to sign medically unnecessary prescriptions for the compounded medications.
Monaco paid Oswari and his staff to identify and prescribe the compound medications to patients of Oswari’s practice with the requisite insurance plans, as well as other people that Oswari did not medically evaluate.
Monaco also arranged for other medical professionals – including Dr. Michael Goldis and his cousin, physician’s assistant Jason Chacker – to sign medically unnecessary prescriptions for members of Monaco’s family and others whom these medical professionals did not examine.
Monaco directly compensated Chacker with money and tickets to sporting events, and Zappala paid Goldis cash to sign the medically unnecessary prescriptions for members of Monaco’s family and others.
Monaco also directly paid individuals who had coverage under the public insurance plans and agreed to receive prescriptions for the compounded medications.
As a result of this scheme, Monaco received approximately $350,000 and caused a loss of over $4.6 million to the insurance plans.
Oswari, Zappala, Goldis and Chacker all have previously pleaded guilty to their roles in the conspiracy and are awaiting sentencing.
In addition to the prison term, Judge Kugler sentenced Monaco to three years of supervised release and ordered him to pay $4.69 million in restitution.